Coat of Arms and Flags of Lithuania
Gules, a knight in full armour, riding on a horse, all argent, caparisoned azure, holding in the dexter hand sword above head in fess of the second, hilted and pommelled or, and at his sinister shoulder shield of the third, a double cross of the fourth; the horseshoes and bit, stirrup, spur and metal buckles or.
Lithuania's knight, Vytis, is one of the oldest state emblems in Europe and one of the few whose symbolism was taken not from dynastic arms, as in the majority of European countries, but from ducal portrait seals. It was not by chance that in the beginning of the 16th c. a chronicler described Lithuania's coat of arms as one indicating a mature ruler capable of defending his homeland with a sword.
The State flag of the Republic of Lithuania is the national flag, made up of a cloth comprised of three equal horizontal bands: yellow on top, green in the middle, red on the bottom. Ratio - 3:5.
National flags comprised of bands appeared quite late. The French revolution of 1789, which replaced the royal white flag with the tricolour red-white-blue (the edge colours were later exchanged), provided the greatest impetus for their transformation. Three equal bands meant equality for all before the law, as did the new slogan, Freedom-Equality-Fraternity, used to this day on the emblem of the French Republic.
A red cloth charged on both sides with the armoured knight in the colours of the Lithuanian State coat of arms. Ratio - 3:5. Banners have been used as identifying signs since ancient times, and were most popular in warfare during the Middle Ages, when even army units were named after banners. A Lithuanian banner is mentioned for the first time in the chronicles of Vygand of Marburg, who wrote that during the battle at Bajerburg Castle (near Veliuona) in 1337, Tilman Zumpach, head of the riflemen of the Crusaders, burned the Lithuanian banner with a flaming lance and then mortally wounded the king of Trakai; he did not describe the banner of the king of Trakai. Much more is known about Lithuania's later banners.
A purpure cloth centre front and back is charged with the coat of arms of the State of Lithuania with supporters: on a pedestal a griffin rampant in dexter and a unicorn rampant in sinister, all argent, armed and membered or, langued gules. The cloth edged on three sides in cord or. Ratio - 5:6. The staff of natural wood has a finial imprinted with the coat of arms of the State of Lithuania.
Last updated 2015.12.29 11:27